|عنوان فارسی مقاله||استفاده از آفت کش ها در گلخانه|
|عنوان انگلیسی مقاله||Using Pesticides in Greenhouses|
|رشته های مرتبط||کشاورزی و شیمی، ویروس شناسی و بیماری های ویروسی گیاهان، حشره شناسی کشاورزی و آفت کشها|
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استفاده از آفت کش ها در گلخانه
بخشی از ترجمه فارسی مقاله:
اطلاعات در محل مرکزی
دیتاشیت های ایمنی مواد MSDS
بخشی از مقاله انگلیسی:
Information at a Central Location
Greenhouse owners are required to maintain a Centralized Bulletin Board that is accessible to all employees and contains the following information: 1. The Worker Protection Standards (WPS) safety poster (Request the “WPS Quick Reference Poster” from Gempler’s. The phone number and Web site address are at the end of this publication.) 2. Emergency Medical Information: (Name, address and phone number of nearest medical facility). 3. Pesticide Application List. The following pesticide application information is to be maintained for 30 days following the application: – Product name, EPA registration number and active ingredient. – Location and description of treated area. – Time, date of the pesticide application and the REI. 4. TOSHA requires two posters be placed on the Centralized Bulletin Board: “State of Tennessee Public Employee Safety and Health Protection on the Job” and “State of Tennessee Hazardous Chemical Right to Know.” For more information contact the Tennessee Dept. of Labor, at 615-741- 2793. 5. Pesticide Label/Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS). EPA requires that greenhouse managers make pesticide labels available to workers, while TOSHA requires MSDS be maintained at the centralized bulletin board. MSDS are available through your pesticide suppliers.
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
MSDS are required for businesses dealing with hazardous pesticides. The purpose is to provide a means of communicating information concerning the hazardous materials used on the premises. MSDS are available from pesticide companies or their suppliers. Employees must have access to them, and if necessary, be shown how to read and understand them. The following information is found on the MSDS: 1. The pesticide’s physical properties 2. Procedures for mixing and loading pesticides 3. Fire and explosive information 4. Health hazard information, including acute and chronic toxicity symptoms 5. Protective equipment (PPE) required 6. First aid treatment 7. Spill, leak and disposal information 8. Procedures for accidents 9. Storage and handling procedures.
Worker and Handler Training
Workers – Defined as persons employed to work with greenhouse crops. For example, harvest, weed and water. Workers must be provided some pesticide safety information before entry into a treated area. They must be fully trained about pesticide safety within five days after employment. (Contact your county Agricultural Extension office concerning assistance in providing the WPS training.) Handlers – Defined as persons who mix, load, apply or do other tasks that bring them into direct contact with pesticides, such as cleaning pesticide application equipment or handling open pesticide containers. Handlers must be trained about pesticide safety and handling prior to performing any handling tasks. Keep in mind that this publication is only a summary of the WPS standards. For a more complete source of information, refer to the following three publications available through Gempler’s. Every greenhouse manager should have a copy of these publications to explain responsibilities and comply with WPS, including the training of employees. Gempler’s 1-800-382-8473 www.gemplers.com WPS Reference Guide. Includes complete addition of EPA’s “How to Comply Manual” plus technical information on pesticide safety in English. For Workers: “Protect Yourself from Pesticides Guide for Agricultural Workers.” Bilingual (English/ Spanish). Also available in seven other foreign language translations. For Handlers: “Protect Yourself from Pesticides Guide for Pesticide Handlers.” Available in both English and Spanish.
۱٫ Read the label of any pesticide before applying. 2. Do not rely on pesticides alone; employ all cultural methods of control. 3. Regulations and guidelines concerning use of pesticides are subject to change without notice. Consult the label of the product for usages and rates before applying. If recommendations in this manual conflict with the label, please follow the label instructions. 4. When a range of rates and application intervals are recommended, use the lower rate and longer interval for mild-moderate infestations and the higher rate and shorter interval for moderate-severe infestations. 5. Use of trade or brand names in this manual is for clarity and information. The Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service does not imply approval of the product to the exclusion of others which may be similar, suitable composition, nor does it guarantee or warrant the standard of the product. 6. Please ready the label before using a product.